Acne

Understanding Skin Conditions.

Acne is a skin condition that causes papules, pustules, blackheads and cysts. Commonly found on areas of the body that produce excess oil glands such as the face, neck, chest, back and shoulders. Acne is most common in puberty but can develop in adults also.

Acne is caused by 3 factors:
- Blockages of hair follicles when pores are blocked by sebum and dead skin cells.
- Overproduction of sebum by the gland that produces your oil.
- Proliferation of P.acnes bacteria and irritation of the lining of the follicle.

Non inflammatory acne.

This includes blackheads and whiteheads, which occur when a plug made up of sebum (oil) and dead skin cells build up inside the follicle but does not cause any inflammation or redness.

What are blackheads?

A blackhead is a build up of melanin and oil that has oxidised. They are developed when a plug stretches in the opening of hair follicles in you skin.

What are whiteheads?

This is when a thin cover of skin traps the plug, preventing it from oxidising which in turn keeps white and forms a whitehead.

Inflammatory Acne.

When follicles are blocked by sebum and skin cells, the follicular wall is under pressure. If the pressure is great enough, then the follicle wall will break and the contents will spread into the surrounding skin. When the immune system responds to this bacteria and sebum, inflammatory acne occurs. What is a papule? These are pink or red lumps underneath the skin that don’t visible show a white or yellow centre. What is a pustule? Pustules are formed when the plug inside the pore traps oil and bacteria, this then draws white blood cells to the area to fight infection.

What is a cyst and nodule?

These are often the most painful that extend to the deeper layers, they can often last months and can lead to permanent scars.

The Treatment Pathway

1.

Manage Bacteria

2.

Enhance Cell Turnover

3.

Antioxidant Protection For Cells

4.

Protect Against UVA & UVB

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The Next Step

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