Hyperpigmentation

Understanding Skin Conditions.

Hyperpigmentation occurs when excess melanin causes a darkened appearance to the skin in either small or large areas. Pigmentation is the natural colour of a person’s skin and it is related to melanin production. Melanin protects skin cells and their DNA by absorbing the sun’s ultraviolet rays (UVR).

Types of Hyperpigmentation

Melasma

Linked to hormonal pigmentation, (also known as chloasma) Melasma appears as symmetrical patches, like a butterfly effect. It appears on the cheek, chin and upper lip and forehead. Most commonly related to pregnancy, being on the contraceptive pill, menopause or HRT.

Post Inflammatory (PIH)

PIH can be found in areas of the skin that have been subjected to inflammation due to trauma, irritation or acne. It can be epidermal or dermal and increases the production of pigment.

Age spots

These are caused by years of exposure to the sun or sun beds, usually appear larger than freckles and don’t fade in winter.

Hyperpigmentation Production.

1. UV rays, inflammation and hormones trigger hyperpigmentation.

2. The enzyme tyrosinase is responsible for producing pigment on the surface of the skin.

3. Melanin is then overproduced and transferred to the skin cells.

4. Constant transfer of melanin edging closer to the surface.

5. Eventually pigmentation appears on the surface.

The Treatment Pathway

1.

Antioxidant protection for cells

2.

Degrade pigment already produced

3.

Stimulate cell turnover

4.

Protect against UVA & UVB

The Next Step

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